Category Archives: Australia

Captain Cook

Captain Cook was from Yorkshire, from a poor family of farmers, he went to work on a coal ship, then joined the Navy. He worked his way up to Lieutenant. He was sent on a voyage to see Venus travel over the Sun in Tahiti, on the ship he captained, The Endeavour.
Captain Cook had secret orders to find the southern lands, Mr Banks paid a lot of money to fund the voyage, he went along too.

In 1769 Captain Cook landed at what is now called Gisborne. ‘Young Nick’ was the first person to sight land on the HMAS Endeavour, so a cliff is named after him. When the Endeavour got to land the Maori did a meeting dance, Captain Cook thought it was a challenge and shot 6 Maori. He named this are Poverty Bay as he couldn’t get any fresh supplies because he’d shot the Maori.
This statue of Young Nick is in Gisborne.


From then on he mapped New Zealand from the sea. In 1770 Captain Cook landed in. Byron Bay, Australia, then in a town called 1770 further up the coast in the same year (1770 was once called Roundhill but changed their name for the 200 year anniversary of Captain Cook landing). When Captain Cook returned to England he was promoted to Captain in the Navy.

He did two more voyages, circumnavigating the Southern Hemisphere on a ship called HMS Resolution, sailing to places like. Christmas Island, Vancouver Island, The Antarctic Circle, Cape Horn, Hawaiin Islands – twice, on the second time he was killed by the locals who misunderstood him.


We went to the rodeo at the Great Western Hotel last night in Rockhampton. We pulled up outside, it looked very old style American.


We went into the restaurant to have some dinner. On the restaurant walls there was bull horns, photos of bulls and rodeo riders, a tv showing films of rodeo riders and a leader board for the big annual competition.
We had steak for dinner because Rockhampton is famous for its beef cows, so we had to try some!

My steak was delicious, it had some BBQ sauce on it. Dad’s steak was the size of a planet compared to mine!

He managed to eat it all, though he felt fit to burst. After we’d eaten we went into the arena to watch some rodeo. Rodeo is where people ride bucking bulls and try not to fall off, the problem is, you’re only allowed to hold on with one hand!
The arena was quite small compared to your average football stadium. The riders wore cowboy hats and some had fringes on their leather trousers. All of the riders were very young, some of them were only about 12, there was even some girls!

Wednesday is practise night, so it’s free to enter, they were practising for a big competition next weekend.

Archer Park Railway Museum

We went to Archer Park Railway Museum in Rockhampton. The museum was originally a train station, it first opened in 1899 for passengers. The main destination was Yeppoon and Emu Park, both beach destinations. The station continued being used until 1970, when it was only used for freight trains. In 1999 it closed and became a museum.

We went on a train that was used as a Hogwarts Express at a theme park on the Gold Coast.


There was a Purrey Tram there, the oldest of its type still working in the world! It runs every Sunday, I wish we’d visited on a Sunday so we could have had a go!


Rockhampton Zoo

We’re in Rockhampton, it’s famous for beef.


We went to the zoo, it’s free! It’s quite small and we only spent an hour there.

My favourite animal that we saw was the dingos, they look very much like a dog. In South Australia they can be kept as pets, but elsewhere in Australia they are viewed as vermin. The aboriginals used to train dingos to help them hunt.


This is a lace monitor lizard, it’s a scavenger and often found around picnic areas in Australia trying to find scraps of food.


We also saw a black swan, a python, a crocodile and a funny looking bird called a spoon billed bird.



We left the zoo because Mum and George were being eaten alive by mozzies! I was fine!


We’re in 1770, it’s where Captain Cook landed in Australia on his ship, the Endeavour, in May 1770! When Cook landed, he was actually only a Lieutenant, not a Captain, he was promoted to a captain when he returned to England. At the top of the beach there was a memorial to Captain Cooks landing. 1770 was actually called Round Hill until 1970, the 200th anniversary of Cooks landing. We went down to the beach where Cook landed, this was his second time landing on Australian soil, the first time was in Botany Bay earlier in the year.






The names around the point where he landed are all associated with the landing. Banks was the funder of the trip.


Australia Zoo

We went to Australia Zoo, which was founded by Steve Irwin’s parents. Steve caught his first crocodile with his Dad when he was 9!
Steve died of a stingray sting near his heart, in 2006.
Steve Irwin was nicknamed the Crocodile Hunter because he caught crocodiles in the wild.


The majority of the crocodiles in the zoo are saltwater crocodiles, they’re in the zoo because they hung around boat ramps scaring the public. One of the crocodiles, ate a mans dog when he was out walking it!

We saw some Tasmanian Devils, they look like oversized rats! The markings on their back are unique to each Devil.


This is an Echidna, it’s like a porcupine it had a long nose and an 18cm long tongue that’s sticky to gather up worms, ants and termites.


I fed some kangaroos, you have to make sure your hand was flat, their tongue felt rough when the licked up the food but they were very gentle.
They can jump 3 metres high, and 12 metres long in one bound!


Cassowaries, are big black emu like birds with colourful heads. They are endangered in the wild.


We also saw dingos, binturongs, camels, tigers, wombats, snakes, lizards, dragons, rhinoceros iguanas, otters, parrots, an eagle, commodore, laughing cookaburros, alligators, I also stroked a koala.



St Helena Island

Queen Victoria wanted more land named after herself so she separated some land off of New South Wales and named it Queensland. As New South Wales was a rich state, being separated from it wasn’t very good as it made everywhere in Queensland very poor. In Brisbane lots of people turned to crime to survive so the prisons were overflowing. St Helena opened as a prison in 1867.

We went on a tour to and around St Helena Island, the guides were dressed up as a warder and prisoners.

St Helena got it’s name from an aboriginal who was exiled there for stealing an axe. The aboriginal was nicknamed ‘Napoleon’, Napoleon Bonnepart was exiled to an island in the Mediterranean Sea named St Helena. Napoleon Bonnepart lasted 6 and a half years before getting arsinic poisoning and died. Napoleon the Aboriginal lasted 3 days ………… before building a canoe and paddling home! Then someone decided that Green island Number 2 (as it was called then) should be called St Helena.

On St Helena Island we saw the crumbling remains of the prison, the guides told us about the barracks and how there was 12 men in a room, and every one slept in small hammocks. This building was split into 4 rooms, 12 in each, you can still see the hooks from the hammocks.



Each block of rooms ahead their own exercise yard where they also ate their daily meals, and went to the toilet!


1st and 2nd March

We bought a body board because we’re mainly staying on the coast and it will be good fun. We spent a lot of time on the beach, the waves were too big and rough to get out far enough to catch a good wave but I did have a few good ones.

When we weren’t using the body board we were jumping in and out the waves, I got knocked over by the waves lots, it was good fun!





Me and Dad played frisbee, and kicked a ball around, the frisbee was hard on the main beach as it was really windy so we went into a creek where there was a small beach and it was easier.

The creek was big and wide and there were lots of people stand up paddle boarding, and rowing. The water in the creek was completely flat and you could see fish.



On our last evening at the Gold Coast we went to Surfers Paradise to see some sand Sculptures,there was a competition that takes place every year.


The theme for this year was ‘Myths and Legends’. To make the Sculptures
the Sculptors use ‘ Brickies ‘ sand. This sand is made up of square particles,
unlike sand you get from the beach which is rounder and doesn’t stick together well enough for the Sculptures.


When they have finished the Sculptures they coat the it with a waterproof spray so it doesn’t get washed away when it rains.
My favourite Sculpture is called ‘ Where Are The Greeks’.


You had to find nine soldiers hiding in the horse!





This is the legend of Troy:
The Greeks had been trying to get in the city of Troy, they’d been trying for ages and couldn’t get in. The Greeks built a wooden horse and left it outside the gates of Troy and then sailed away! Some soldiers in Troy found the horse and brought it inside the walls as they thought it was a gift for their king from the Greeks. That night the Greek army sprang out from the horse and slaughtered everybody in Troy.